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The Use Of Adenosine Triphosphate In Bodybuilding
By Paul V. Strong

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is the source of energy that supports metabolism in body cells, tissues and the muscles. ATP is a biochemical way to use and store energy. In chemical terms ATP is an adenine nucleotide attached to three phosphates.

The bond between the second and third phosphate groups stores a lot of energy which is essential in fuelling body chemical reactions. Cells break this bond when they are in need of energy and in the process a diphosphate (ADP) and a free phosphate molecule are formed. Further breakdown of the diphosphate bond results in formation of adenosine monophosphate (AMP). On the other hand, cells store energy by forming an ATP molecule from ADP and phosphate.

Muscle cells and tissues require large amounts of ATP given the role they play in taking workload during training and workouts. There are special processes in the cells that covert carbohydrates, proteins and fats into adenosine triphosphate. ATP is broken down during muscle contraction into ADP, a process that produces energy. ATP is made up of three components which are; ribose, adenine and three phosphates. Ribose is a five carbon sugar which forms the DNA basis. Adenine links rings of carbon and nitrogen atoms.

Adenosine Triphosphate In Bodybuilding

During workouts, breathing aids in cellular respiration in which essential nutrients are converted into ATP. During aerobic respiration oxygen is utilised to produce large amounts of ATP.

In anaerobic respiration there is an extremely fast replenishment of ATP, though in insufficient amount due to absence of oxygen. During intensive activities the ATP is obtained from stored ATP in our muscles.

When the stored ATP is diminished, the body generates more ATP by breaking down creatine phosphate in the muscles. However, the amount of creatine in our muscles is limited and the production of ATP from it is not long-term. Extensive exercise in bodybuilding compels the body to resort to even slower methods of ATP production which include glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation.


It is essential to gain more ATP in the course of intensive workouts. It is useful to begin with an initial higher level of creatine phosphate in the muscles. The use of creatine monohydrate supplement is a good choice for bodybuilders and athletes to increase the body reserves of creatine phosphates. Creatine is an amino acid that occurs naturally in our body. It helps our body to build muscles by boosting the levels of Adenosine triphosphate in bodybuilding activities.

Creatine supplements are available in powder which may be mixed water or juice and can provide the muscles with the much needed creatine for ATP production. Research shows that Creatine ATP supplements are safe and when used effectively can support ability to boost muscle reserves of phosphocreatine by up to 40 percent. This comes with ergogenic properties of increased hypertrophy of the muscles and improved muscular performance and strength.

Owing to that vital role of adenosine triphosphate in bodybuilding, it is essential to ensure that its levels are replenished after workouts and other physical activities. ATP can be synthesized from carbohydrates, fats and proteins and hence a well-balanced diet is crucial in maintaining a good balance of these nutrients ensuring that the body replenishes ATP during workouts.

Dietary ATP supplements enhance energy supply in the body while also increasing alertness and mental acuity. In addition, the supplements improve body's endurance and muscles performance while enhancing vascular health, blood flow and circulatory functions. There is an increase in glucose and oxygen being delivered to organs, cardiac muscles as well as in the body skeletal muscles. A routine use of ATP supplements restores and normalizes the required and adequate ATP levels in the body which in turn increase overall body energy and function.

Carbohydrate glycogen is another good source of ATP. This however is a slower process known as Glycogen Lactic Acid System which involves glycogen stored in the muscles is broken down into glucose and further breakdown of the produced glucose results in release of four molecules of ATP. This process can provide about 90 seconds of extra energy. This process has lower power and results in production of lactic acid.

Adenosine triphosphate supplements increases the amount of natural substances that the body of a body builder need to build muscles. ATP is a critical component of the energy cycles in the cells. It has been reported to enhance blood flow, increased arterial oxygen pressure and reduced vascular resistance and these factors accentuate the essential function of adenosine triphosphate in bodybuilding.

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