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Aspergers Syndrome, form of Autism

Hypocrisy86

Hypocrisy86

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Characteristics

A pervasive developmental disorder, Asperger syndrome is distinguished by a pattern of symptoms rather than a single symptom. It is characterized by qualitative impairment in social interaction, by stereotyped and restricted patterns of activities and interests, and by no clinically significant delay in cognitive development or general delay in language.<sup id="cite_ref-BehaveNet_12-0" class="reference">[13]</sup> Intense preoccupation with a narrow subject, one-sided verbosity, restricted prosody and intonation, and motor clumsiness are typical of the condition, but are not required for diagnosis.<sup id="cite_ref-Klin_2-2" class="reference">[3]</sup>

Social interaction

The lack of demonstrated empathy is possibly the most dysfunctional aspect of Asperger syndrome.<sup id="cite_ref-Baskin_1-1" class="reference">[2]</sup> Individuals with AS experience difficulties in basic elements of social interaction, which may include a failure to develop friendships or enjoy spontaneous interests or achievements with others, a lack of social or emotional reciprocity, and impaired nonverbal behaviors such as eye contact, facial expression, posture, and gesture.<sup id="cite_ref-McPartland_0-1" class="reference">[1]</sup>
Unlike those with autism, people with AS are not usually withdrawn around others; they approach others, even if awkwardly, for example by engaging in a one-sided, long-winded speech about a favorite topic while being oblivious to the listener's feelings or reactions, such as signs of boredom or haste to leave.<sup id="cite_ref-Klin_2-3" class="reference">[3]</sup> This social awkwardness has been called "active but odd".<sup id="cite_ref-Klin_2-4" class="reference">[3]</sup> This failure to react appropriately to social interaction may appear as disregard for other people's feelings, and may come across as insensitive. The cognitive ability of children with AS often lets them articulate social norms in a laboratory context,<sup id="cite_ref-McPartland_0-2" class="reference">[1]</sup> where they may be able to show a theoretical understanding of other people’s emotions; they typically have difficulty acting on this knowledge in fluid, real-life situations, however.<sup id="cite_ref-Klin_2-5" class="reference">[3]</sup> People with AS may analyze and distill their observation of social interaction into rigid behavioral guidelines and apply these rules in awkward ways—such as forced eye contact—resulting in demeanor that appears rigid or socially naïve. Childhood desires for companionship can be numbed through a history of failed social encounters.<sup id="cite_ref-McPartland_0-3" class="reference">[1]</sup>
The hypothesis that individuals with AS are predisposed to violent or criminal behavior has been investigated and found to be unsupported by data.<sup id="cite_ref-McPartland_0-4" class="reference">[1]</sup><sup id="cite_ref-13" class="reference">[14]</sup> More evidence suggests children with AS are victims rather than victimizers.<sup id="cite_ref-Tsatsanis_14-0" class="reference">[15]</sup>

Restricted and repetitive interests and behavior


Those with AS often display intense interests, such as this boy's fascination with molecular structure.


People with Asperger syndrome display behavior, interests, and activities that are restricted and repetitive and are sometimes abnormally intense or focused. They may stick to inflexible routines or rituals, move in stereotyped and repetitive ways, or preoccupy themselves with parts of objects.<sup id="cite_ref-BehaveNet_12-1" class="reference">[13]</sup>
Pursuit of specific and narrow areas of interest is one of the most striking features of AS.<sup id="cite_ref-McPartland_0-5" class="reference">[1]</sup> Individuals with AS may collect volumes of detailed information on a relatively narrow topic such as dinosaurs or deep fat fryers, without necessarily having genuine understanding of the broader topic.<sup id="cite_ref-McPartland_0-6" class="reference">[1]</sup><sup id="cite_ref-Klin_2-6" class="reference">[3]</sup> For example, a child might memorize camera model numbers while caring little about photography.<sup id="cite_ref-McPartland_0-7" class="reference">[1]</sup> This behavior is usually apparent by grade school, typically age 5 or 6 in the U.S.<sup id="cite_ref-McPartland_0-8" class="reference">[1]</sup> Although these special interests may change from time to time, they typically become more unusual and narrowly focused, and often dominate social interaction so much that the entire family may become immersed. Because topics such as dinosaurs often capture the interest of children, this symptom may go unrecognized.<sup id="cite_ref-Klin_2-7" class="reference">[3]</sup>
Stereotyped and repetitive motor behaviors are a core part of the diagnosis of AS and other ASDs.<sup id="cite_ref-15" class="reference">[16]</sup> They include hand movements such as flapping or twisting, and complex whole-body movements.<sup id="cite_ref-BehaveNet_12-2" class="reference">[13]</sup> These are typically repeated in longer bursts and look more voluntary or ritualistic than tics, which are usually faster, less rhythmical and less often symmetrical.<sup id="cite_ref-RapinTS_16-0" class="reference">[17]</sup>

Speech and language

Although children with Asperger syndrome acquire language skills without significant general delay, and the speech of those with AS typically lacks significant abnormalities, language acquisition and use is often atypical.<sup id="cite_ref-Klin_2-8" class="reference">[3]</sup> Abnormalities include verbosity; abrupt transitions; literal interpretations and miscomprehension of nuance; use of metaphor meaningful only to the speaker; auditory perception deficits; unusually pedantic, formal or idiosyncratic speech; and oddities in loudness, pitch, intonation, prosody, and rhythm.<sup id="cite_ref-McPartland_0-9" class="reference">[1]</sup>
Three aspects of communication patterns are of clinical interest: poor prosody, tangential and circumstantial speech, and marked verbosity. Although inflection and intonation may be less rigid or monotonic than in autism, people with AS often have a limited range of intonation; speech may be unusually fast, jerky or loud. Speech may convey a sense of incoherence; the conversational style often includes monologues about topics that bore the listener, fails to provide context for comments, or fails to suppress internal thoughts. Individuals with AS may fail to monitor whether the listener is interested or engaged in the conversation. The speaker's conclusion or point may never be made, and attempts by the listener to elaborate on the speech's content or logic, or to shift to related topics, are often unsuccessful.<sup id="cite_ref-Klin_2-9" class="reference">[3]</sup>
Children with AS may have an unusually sophisticated vocabulary at a young age and have been colloquially called "little professors", but have difficulty understanding figurative language and tend to use language literally.<sup id="cite_ref-McPartland_0-10" class="reference">[1]</sup> Individuals with AS appear to have particular weaknesses in areas of nonliteral language that include humor, irony, and teasing. They usually understand the cognitive basis of humor but may not enjoy it due to lack of understanding of its intent.<sup id="cite_ref-Kasari_9-1" class="reference">[10]</sup>

Other

Individuals with Asperger syndrome may have signs or symptoms that are independent of the diagnosis, but can affect the individual or the family. These include differences in perception and problems with motor skills, sleep, and emotions.
Individuals with AS often have excellent auditory and visual perception.<sup id="cite_ref-17" class="reference">[18]</sup> Children with ASD often demonstrate enhanced perception of small changes in patterns such as arrangements of objects or well-known images; typically this is domain-specific and involves processing of fine-grained features.<sup id="cite_ref-18" class="reference">[19]</sup> Conversely, compared to individuals with HFA, individuals with AS have deficits in some tasks involving visual-spatial perception, auditory perception, or visual memory.<sup id="cite_ref-McPartland_0-11" class="reference">[1]</sup> Many accounts of individuals with AS and ASD report other unusual sensory and perceptual skills and experiences. They may be unusually sensitive or insensitive to sound, light, touch, texture, taste, smell, pain, temperature, and other stimuli, and they may exhibit synesthesia, for example, a smell may trigger perception of color;<sup id="cite_ref-19" class="reference">[20]</sup> these sensory responses are found in other developmental disorders and are not specific to AS or to ASD. There is little support for increased fight-or-flight response or failure of habituation in autism; there is more evidence of decreased responsiveness to sensory stimuli, although several studies show no differences.<sup id="cite_ref-20" class="reference">[21]</sup>
Hans Asperger’s initial accounts<sup id="cite_ref-McPartland_0-12" class="reference">[1]</sup> and other diagnostic schemes<sup id="cite_ref-EhlGill_21-0" class="reference">[22]</sup> include descriptions of motor clumsiness. Children with AS may be delayed in acquiring motor skills that require motor dexterity, such as bicycle riding or opening a jar, and may appear awkward or "uncomfortable in their own skin". They may be poorly coordinated, or have an odd or bouncy gait or posture, poor handwriting, or problems with visual-motor integration.<sup id="cite_ref-McPartland_0-13" class="reference">[1]</sup><sup id="cite_ref-Klin_2-10" class="reference">[3]</sup> They may show problems with proprioception (sensation of body position) on measures of apraxia (motor planning disorder), balance, tandem gait, and finger-thumb apposition. There is no evidence that these motor skills problems differentiate AS from other high-functioning ASDs.<sup id="cite_ref-McPartland_0-14" class="reference">[1]</sup>
Children with AS are more likely to have sleep problems, including difficulty in falling asleep, frequent nocturnal awakenings, and early morning awakenings.<sup id="cite_ref-22" class="reference">[23]</sup><sup id="cite_ref-Tani_23-0" class="reference">[24]</sup> AS is also associated with high levels of alexithymia, which is difficulty in identifying and describing one's emotions.<sup id="cite_ref-24" class="reference">[25]</sup> Although AS, lower sleep quality, and alexithymia are associated, their causal relationship is unclear.<sup id="cite_ref-Tani_23-1" class="reference">[24]</sup>


from wikipedia.org

link to full info

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asperger_syndrome
 
Hypocrisy86

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videos on youtube of people with Aspergers



 
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Documentary - 9 mins long



 
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uhm:uhoh2:

why are u posting this in the politics and world news section dude?
 
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IS AS only in USA?:dunnodude:


obviously not, but i dont see how this is relevant in this section, would rather post it in the general discussion section or VIP section if u want a discussion around this subject...
 
Hypocrisy86

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So this isn't severe to you?
how would you live your life like this?
tell me, how would this go in "general" section work out?
doesn't make sense to me.
 
Duality

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obviously not, but i dont see how this is relevant in this section, would rather post it in the general discussion section or VIP section if u want a discussion around this subject...



your right anyone who knows the definition of "politics and world news" would know this doesn't belong here. he's just tripping out about another thread of his that was deleted.

chill out hypo.
 
Hypocrisy86

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for your info-fucking-mation i asked JB to delete it.

Jesus christ, i cant even have freedom on the net
i cant make friends here, i cant do anything right
 
Hypocrisy86

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Im having a bad personal issue right now
i wish i could explain this what i feel
i cant find any words
But fuck, fuck... i wish i could just do ONETHING to show it
 
Hypocrisy86

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so basically people with AS just get treated like average people?
thats ignorance, so you grew up with friends? im 21 fucking years old
igot no one, cept a 18 year old cat with cataracts
 
Hypocrisy86

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when the last one you dearly loves die, and you have no one else to grasp to, no one to hold, hug or forgot the feeling what do you do?
 
Hypocrisy86

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your right anyone who knows the definition of "politics and world news" would know this doesn't belong here. he's just tripping out about another thread of his that was deleted.

chill out hypo.

I know what politics mean
right now this is fucking politics about anger
and the fact you just can't ask me to chill
without saying something smart
Fucking christ, i deal with people like you at work
fucking makes me wanna slice heads off like cutting meat
 
Hypocrisy86

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Walk right in, act like a bad ass mother fucker
show off, dress so nice its like theres a fucking photoshoot outside for A&F, i cant fathom, I CANT GRASP.... why, what, how the hell
im here, why is this happeneing
 
Duality

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so basically people with AS just get treated like average people?
thats ignorance, so you grew up with friends? im 21 fucking years old
igot no one, cept a 18 year old cat with cataracts

listen we understand you have a problem and i do sympathize with you. but we're not talking face to face here. you have as long as you need or want to put together posts. i understand this is a social interaction disorder akin to autism, but the only interaction here is typed words and it shouldn't be as difficult as a face to face confrontation. just put more effort into your posts, that's all.
 
Duality

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Walk right in, act like a bad ass mother fucker
show off, dress so nice its like theres a fucking photoshoot outside for A&F, i cant fathom, I CANT GRASP.... why, what, how the hell
im here, why is this happeneing

alright it's obvious there is no point to go on here. best of luck to you. God Bless.
 
Hypocrisy86

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you are the very core of my anger right now
fuck you.
 
Duality

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I know what politics mean
right now this is fucking politics about anger
and the fact you just can't ask me to chill
without saying something smart
Fucking christ, i deal with people like you at work
fucking makes me wanna slice heads off like cutting meat


seek help bro.
 
Hypocrisy86

Hypocrisy86

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ive been humilated over the net so many times
ive been thru a fucked up lifestyle to where i';d rath be ina communist fucking camp,
do you want me to write a fucking novel for you?
 
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