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Kratom’s legality in Tennessee

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Kratom Ban Update Kratom Petition Draws Over 55K Signatures 100K Needed
Christopher Miller Sets Legal Precedent In Tennessee Kratom Case

By Philip Fairbanks

An exciting precedent was set regarding kratom’s legality in Tennessee this week. The presiding district attorney in Nashville retired the case entirely. Earlier this month, I contacted Nashville’s Metro PD regarding the article I had written about Christopher Miller’s arrest. I wanted to make sure that they not only knew that the information they were quoting (that kratom was a synthetic, that it was an opiate and the list of supposed side effects) was not only factually incorrect but that it was also based on information from Narconon. Unlike Narcotics Anonymous (NA), a respected self-help group, Narconon is a Scientology-affiliated group that has been implicated in multiple wrongful death suits, as well as at least one case of kidnapping here in Tennessee. They responded that they had been made aware already and that they had updated their information to reflect that.

Nashville ABC news affiliate WKRN had also reported on a story referring to kratom as synthetic and an opiate, neither of which is true. In response, Elbert Tucker, news director at WKRN said the following via email.

“The Metro Nashville police department identified Kratom in this case as ‘synthetic.’ In our follow-up with them, they told us it is considered synthetic because, in state law, it is included with synthetics. The spokesperson told us that even though it is naturally occurring, it is considered synthetic by law.

“We will continue to take a closer look at this and ask more questions.”

Hopefully, this and the previous coverage were at least partly responsible for the latest positive break in the Christopher Miller kratom case. Initially, Christopher had a court date for violation of probation on June 8. They considered his arrest a violation, and a violation of parole (VOP) would have resulted in Christopher being arrested without bail and held for the duration of his recent charge of kratom sale. The week before the arraignment of June 12, Miller saw the judge and district attorney, who decided to drop the VOP charges because he had been completely in compliance and passed all of the twice-monthly drug tests. In addition, Christopher was freed entirely from probation.
Christopher Miller Kratom Tennessee

Christopher Miller
[Image Christopher Miller/Facebook]

When the date of the arraignment came, the district attorney threw the case out entirely due to the gray area in the legislative code that was pointed out in previous coverage here at the Inquisitr. Clean Kratom and Kratom-K were influential in supporting Chris and his crowdfunding efforts, as well as publicizing the case via social media.

As mentioned in earlier coverage at the Inquisitr, I had contacted Governor Bill Haslam to explain how there is currently no law on the books in the TCA referencing Mitragyna speciosa, or kratom, as it’s commonly called by name. I wanted to know if this was a potential gray area that would allow kratom to be used and sold in Tennessee. I pointed out that the bill itself references “synthetics” in both title and language of the code and makes the “manufacture, sale, distribution and possession” of synthetic versions illegal while allowing a loophole for the unmentioned raw, leaf, or powder.
A drug from plant to a category 5 in Thailand.

Kratom botanical plant
[Image by ninoninos/Shutterstock]

For now, this is still a tentative win for Tennesseans. Hopefully, soon, we may have a clarification on the law that might allow Tennesseans to be confident in obtaining and using kratom, a botanical from the coffee family that many researchers feel should be legal and accessible.

[Featured Image by Paula Bronstein/Getty Images]
 
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What Is Kratom

Kratom is a tropical evergreen tree that belongs to the coffee family, and its leaves have been used for hundreds of years by those that practice traditional medicine practices. Native to Southeast Asia, kratom has gained popularity around the world due to its potential therapeutic benefits.

As a kratom expert, I have dedicated years of research to understanding this plant and how it interacts with the human body. From pain relief to mood enhancement, kratom has been touted for its ability to improve one’s quality of life. However, there are also concerns about its safety and legality in some regions. In this article, we will explore what kratom is, where it comes from, and why it has become such a topic of interest among researchers and consumers alike.


The History And Origins Of Kratom

Kratom, scientifically known as Mitragyna speciosa, is a tropical evergreen tree that belongs to the coffee family. It grows abundantly in Southeast Asian countries, such as Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea. The plant has been used for centuries by traditional communities of these regions due to its cultural significance.

Kratom leaves have long been used for their medicinal properties and as part of religious ceremonies. In some cultures, kratom was believed to possess magical powers capable of warding off evil spirits or providing protection against danger. Such folklore beliefs are still present today among certain groups who hold the herb in high esteem.

Cultivation methods vary depending on the region where it is grown. For instance, Thai farmers prefer growing kratom trees near river banks while Malaysian growers prefer shaded areas with ample rainfall. Despite geographic distribution differences and cultivation variations, all types of kratom plants share similar alkaloid profiles that give them distinct effects when consumed. Understanding these effects requires knowledge about the different types of kratom plants which will be discussed in detail later.


The Different Types Of Kratom Plants

As a kratom researcher, it is important to understand the different types of kratom plants. Kratom comes in several varieties, each with its unique properties and effects. The most common strains are red vein, green vein, and white vein.

Red vein kratom is good for its relaxing and pain-relieving effects. Green vein kratom provides a more balanced experience that can boost energy levels and improve focus. White vein kratom is typically used for its stimulating effects and has been found to increase alertness and productivity.

Cultivation plays a significant role in determining the alkaloid content of these strains. Alkaloids are the active compounds present in kratom that produce their effects on the body. Factors such as soil quality, climate conditions, and harvesting techniques all impact alkaloid concentration.

Understanding the differences between the various strains of kratom is essential when selecting which type to use. Each strain offers distinct benefits based on individual needs or desired outcomes. With careful cultivation practices, we can ensure consistent alkaloid concentrations across different strains for optimal results. In exploring further into this topic, we will discuss the medicinal properties of kratom and how they have been utilized throughout history.


The Medicinal Properties Of Kratom

Kratom is a plant used for medicinal purposes in Southeast Asia for centuries. The alkaloids in the leaves of the Kratom tree have been found to have several effects on the body, including pain relief and anxiety relief. These alkaloids are responsible for the therapeutic properties of kratom.

The dosage of kratom varies depending on the desired effect. For pain relief, a higher dose may be necessary, while lower doses can help alleviate anxiety symptoms. It is important to note that excessive use or abuse of kratom can lead to negative side effects, such as addiction and liver damage.

Overall, there is promising research supporting the potential medicinal benefits of kratom. More studies are needed to understand its mechanisms and effectiveness. As with any natural remedy, it is recommended to consult with a doctor before incorporating kratom into your wellness routine.

It will be interesting to see how further research uncovers more about this ancient plant's healing properties. In our next section, we explore how some individuals choose to use kratom recreationally.


The Recreational Uses Of Kratom

As discussed in the previous section, kratom possesses a wide range of medicinal properties that make it an ideal alternative treatment for various ailments. However, kratom's benefits extend beyond its medicinal uses as it also has recreational applications. Its ability to induce euphoria and enhance sociability makes it a popular choice among users seeking a natural high.

Kratom comes in different strains, each with unique characteristics that determine their effects on the user. The most common types are red vein, green vein, and white vein kratom. Each strain has varying levels of alkaloids responsible for inducing specific effects such as stimulation or sedation. It is essential to understand these differences before choosing a strain to use.

Dosage guidelines vary depending on factors such as age, weight, and tolerance level. Taking too much kratom can result in potential side effects like nausea, vomiting, and dizziness. Therefore, users should start with small doses and gradually increase them until they achieve desired results without adverse reactions. User experiences play a crucial role in determining what works best for them; however, caution should be exercised when using this substance recreationally due to the possible risks involved.

The legal status of kratom varies globally; some countries have banned its use entirely while others allow limited possession and consumption under certain conditions. Despite its proven therapeutic value in treating several medical conditions, there remains controversy surrounding kratom's legality and safety which will be explored further in the next section.


The Controversy Surrounding Kratom's Legality And Safety

Kratom, a tropical tree from Southeast Asia, has gained popularity in recent years for its alleged medicinal properties. However, the legal status of kratom varies from country to country and even within different states in the US. While some countries have completely banned the use of kratom, others have legalized it with certain restrictions.

Despite its potential benefits, there is an ongoing debate about the safety and addiction potential of kratom. Scientific research on this plant is limited, but studies suggest that high doses can lead to potential side effects such as nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and tremors. Moreover, overdose risks associated with kratom are also a cause for concern.

Researchers recommend caution when using kratom due to the lack of scientific data available regarding its safety and effectiveness. Additionally, experts advise users to be aware of their local laws surrounding this controversial substance before purchasing or consuming it. With these factors in mind, it is crucial for individuals interested in trying kratom to do thorough research before making any decisions.

Overall, while there may be some benefits associated with using kratom, individuals need to understand the potential risks involved. The legality and safety concerns surrounding this plant should not be taken lightly. As more scientific research becomes available over time, we will gain an understanding of how best to approach the use of this intriguing botanical substance without compromising our health or breaking any laws.


  • Frequently Asked Questions

What Are The Potential Negative Effects Of Long-Term Kratom Use?

Potential negative effects of long-term kratom use include liver damage, respiratory depression, withdrawal symptoms, psychosis risk, and cognitive impairment. The alkaloids in kratom can have toxic effects on the liver with prolonged usage leading to hepatotoxicity. Respiratory depression caused by high doses may result in oxygen deprivation leading to brain damage or even death. Withdrawal from kratom is similar to opioid withdrawal which includes insomnia, muscle aches, irritability, and anxiety. Prolonged use also increases the risk of developing psychosis due to changes in brain chemistry. Lastly, studies suggest that chronic users may experience cognitive impairment affecting their memory and ability to concentrate. It's important for individuals using kratom regularly to know of these risks and monitor their health closely.


Can Kratom Be Addictive?

Kratom, much like other substances, has the potential to be addictive with long-term use. The effects of kratom addiction can include physical and psychological withdrawal symptoms such as muscle aches, insomnia, irritability, and anxiety. Risks associated with addiction also include potential damage to relationships, financial instability, and legal troubles. Treatment for kratom addiction often involves a combination of behavioral therapy and medication-assisted treatment. There are alternative natural remedies available for those who wish to avoid using prescription drugs during recovery from kratom addiction.


How Does Kratom Interact With Other Drugs Or Medications?

Interactions with other drugs or medications are one of the most important considerations when using kratom. While research is limited, there have been reports of potential contraindications between certain medications and kratom. For example, combining kratom with central nervous system depressants could result in respiratory depression or even overdose. Additionally, some individuals may experience side effects such as nausea, vomiting, or dizziness when taking kratom alongside prescription medication. As a safety measure, it is recommended to speak with a healthcare provider before incorporating kratom into your regimen and adhere to dosing recommendations closely.


Is Kratom Legal In All States And Countries?

As a kratom expert, it's important to address the ever-evolving issue of global regulations on kratom legality. While some countries have banned its use, others view kratom as an integral part of their cultural practices and traditions. User experiences vary greatly, with some touting its benefits for pain relief and anxiety management, while others report negative effects like nausea and addiction. Despite these differing opinions, one thing is clear: the prospects of kratom remain uncertain in many parts of the world. As we continue to research this unique plant and its potential benefits, it will be crucial to navigate the complex legal landscape surrounding its use. In short, when it comes to kratom legality, there's no simple answer – only time will tell how things will play out in different regions around the globe.


What Is The Recommended Dosage Of Kratom For Different Purposes?

When it comes to using kratom, dosages can vary depending on the desired effects. For starters, it is recommended to start with a low dose of 1-2 grams and gradually increase the amount until the desired benefits are achieved. Different strains of kratom also have different effects and purposes, so it's important to choose wisely based on individual needs. Some popular strains include Maeng Da for energy and focus, Bali for relaxation and pain relief, and Green Malay for euphoria and anxiety relief. It's important to note that tolerance can develop over time, so it's essential not to exceed recommended dosages or use kratom too frequently as this may lead to adverse effects such as nausea, headaches, or addiction. As a researcher in the field of kratom, I highly recommend consulting with a healthcare professional before beginning any kratom regimen.


Conclusion

As a kratom researcher, it's important to educate the public on this plant and its potential effects. While kratom can provide relief for pain and anxiety, there are also negative consequences of long-term use that should not be overlooked. It's crucial to approach kratom with caution and mindfulness.

One concern is the potential for addiction. Kratom has opioid-like properties and can lead to dependence if used regularly over time. Additionally, it's important to consider how kratom interacts with other drugs or medications as it may cause adverse reactions. And while kratom is legal in many places, laws vary by country and state so it's essential to research before purchasing or using.

Overall, my stance as a kratom expert is that responsible use is key when exploring the benefits of this plant. Stick to recommended dosages based on your needs and always consult with a healthcare professional before incorporating them into your routine. With mindful usage, kratom can be a helpful tool in managing certain health conditions but must be approached with care.
 
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Joe Pietaro

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Kratom does not agree with me! lol. Made me feel great as pre workout and I liked that part of it, but the crash was really bad for me and then I felt like shit the rest of the day.
 
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